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名词性wh-从句的用法复习知识点精析精练

2022-07-02 发布于 遂平百事通
名词性wh-从句的用法复习知识点精析精练
1)由wh-词引导的名词从句叫做名词性wh-从句。Wh-词包括who, whom,. whose, whoever, what, whatever, which, whichever等连接代词和where, when, how, why等连接副词。Wh-从句的语法功能除了和that-从句一样外,还可充当介词宾语、宾语补语和间接宾语等,例如:
主语: How the book will sell depends on its author. 书销售如何取决于作者本人。
直接宾语:In one's own home one can do what one likes. 在自己家里可以随心所欲。
间接宾语:The club will give whoever wins a prize. 俱乐部将给得胜者设奖。
表语: My question is who will take over president of the Foundation. 我的问题是谁将接任该基金会主席职位。
宾语补足语:She will name him whatever she wants to. 她高兴给他起什么名字就取什么名字。
同位语: I  have no idea when he will return. 我不知道他什么时候回来。
形容词宾语:I'm not sure why she refused their invitation. 我尚不能肯定她为什么拒绝他们的邀请。
介词宾语: That depends on where we shall go. 

那取决于我们去哪儿。

新概念英语网课
新概念英语第三册课文
新概念英语第一册视频

2)Wh-从句作主语也常用先行词it做形式主语,而将wh-从句置于句末,例如:
It is not yet decided who will do that job. 还没决定谁做这项工作。
It remains unknown when they are going to get married. 他们何时结婚依然不明。 

1."Do you know ________ " "His father is a doctor."
A. what is his father B. who is his father   C. what his father is D. who his father is 
2. Is this ________ we met each other two years ago  
A. place B. place in which C. where D. place which
3. It ________ Bob drives badly.   
A. thinks that B. is thought what C. thought that D. is thought that
4.We all know the truth ________ there are air, water and sunlight there are living things.
A. where B. wherever C. that D. that wherever 
5. They discussed _______ they could settle the problem without others' help.  
A. if B. that C. what D. whether
6. She asked ________.
A. what I was doing when she rang me up   B. what was I doing when she rang me up
C. when she rang me up what I was doing      D. when did she ring me up what I was doing
7. - May I borrow the ring   - You can take _______ you like.
A. no matter what B. which C. whichever D. that 
8. He said that he was fond of ________.
A. what beautiful is B. what is beautiful C. beautiful is what D. what it is beautiful
9. He insisted that he ________ in good health and _______ to work there.
A. was, be sent B. is, is sent C. be, was sent D. be, send
10. Do you know ________ he expects will give us a talk    
A. who B. whom C. that D. whose
答案
1-5.CCDDD 6-10.ACBAA 
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